The main results achieved of this three year project are theoretical advancements, methodological innovations and new empirical insights. First, a multidisciplinary paradigm for the study of just and durable peace has beed advanced. Second, a variaty of methods have been combined to grasp the relationship between justice, peace and durability. Third, empirical results are 1) the international-local dynamics and the hybridity of peace and justice; 2) the evolving EU peacebuilding framework as well as a refined critique of liberal peacebuilding in general; 3) narrative of justice and visions of peace and reconciliation; 4) new insights to the peace processes in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Middle East peace process; 5) to the role of amnesty provisions in peace agreements.
The main results achieved are:
- A critical assessment of the complex relationship between the concepts of justice and durability and how these notions interplay with establishing a self-sustainable peace.
- New understandings of the interplay between peace and justice has generated a conceptualisation of just peace as qualitatively different from the notion of positive peace and new insights into how such peace may become self-sustainable has emerged.
- Improved policy relevant knowledge on the interaction between transitional justice mechanisms and peacebuilding has been developed as well as on the new category of legal rules, jus post bellum, covering the aftermath of violent conflict.
- The project finds that important synergies are found if the sequencing of tools and strategies are well planned and in accordance with local understandings of peace and justice.
- Quantitative measures of assessing durable peace agreements have also been tested. For example, statistical correlations between amnesty and durable peace agreements depicts the usefulness of statistical methods for mapping various transitional justice mechanisms, which are related to durable peace as well as exploring trends in the relationship between peace and justice.
- The narrative approach highlights the plurality of interpretations and meanings connoted to peace processes and peace in general.
- Comparative methods on peacebuilding has been investigated and outlined in order to guide the evaluation and comparison between various empirical cases for the second period. These insights open up new avenues for exploring the relationships and dynamics between the international community and local stakeholders.
- Empirically, the project has generated new insights (1) to the emerging EU peacebuilding framework as well as a refined critique of liberal peacebuilding in general; (2) to the peace processes in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the Middle East peace process; (3) to amnesty provisions in peace agreements.