Most of my research seeks to achieve a better insight into what characterizes the development and application of human understanding, including a consideration of both collective and individual conditions. My studies in the areas of science studies, cross-cultural psychology and anthropology of knowledge exemplifies attempts to elucidate the conditions for human understanding in various contexts.
One part of my research concerns the possibilities to improve the quality and proficiency of individuals cognitive processes, for example by increasing our understanding of properties of and deficiencies in the way these properties occur. One example is studies of realism in confidence judgments which deal with evaluation of the validity of one’s own knowledge or performance and how such evaluations can be improved. I have also investigated human error detection processes, both in the context of statistical problem solving and with regard to computer programming.
Since the beginning of the 1980s I have studied various aspects of human-computer interaction, including the role of analogical thinking, training on application programs, user manuals and different aspects of the system development process with consequences for the effective usability in the final work- or other types of use-context. I have also studied the decision making process of high level decision makers in large organizations and how use if information technology can be supported to facilitate such decision making. In this context I have also studied conceptions and practices around information administration.
In an ongoing research project we are studying scientists’ generation and handling of research problems. This is done with respect to experienced scientists, Ph.D. students and cross-disciplinary research projects. This project also analyses the function of research problems in the research process, including how research problems figure in the rhetoric of research grant applications.
Finally, I also have an interest for the theory of science also in its philosophical aspects, including how to understand the content of such philosophical traditions as phenomenology, hermeneutics and positivism and their role (if any) in the research process. This connects up with my general interest in the anthropology of knowledge.